AN EXPLORATION OF STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN USING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS IN READING

Nidar Velayati, Asnawi Muslem, Siti Sarah Fitriani, Iskandar Abdul Samad

Abstract


This study intends to explore students’ difficulties in using critical thinking skills in reading. The subject of this study was second year undergraduate students of Ar-raniry State Islamic University, Banda Aceh. This qualitative study analysed students’ difficulties in using critical thinking skills in term of interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation based on Facione (2006). A personal interview was conducted to find the data from the students. The results indicates that students’ lack of practising let them difficult in using critical thinking skills in reading. The other difficulties found were lack of language mastery, implied meaning, background knowledge, repetition and lack of vocabulary. Among six problems discovered above, lack of practising, background knowledge and language mastery had made the students felt that critical thinking was difficult to be applied.


Keywords


Critical Thinking, Reading, Difficulties

References


Barchers, S. I. (1998). Teaching reading: From process to practice. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Biklen, S. K., & Bogdan, R. C. (1992). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and method (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacoon.

Chou, P. T. (2011). The effects of vocabulary knowledge and background knowledge on reading comprehension of Taiwanese EFL students. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 8(1), 108-115.

Choy, S. C., & Cheah, P. K. (2009). Teacher perceptions of critical thinking among students and its influence on higher education. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20(2), 198-206.

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design; Qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches. London: Sage.

Duron, R., Limbach, B. & Waugh, W. (2006). Critical thinking framework for any discipline. International Journal in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 17(2), 160-166.

Elder, L., & Paul, R. (2001). Thinking to some purpose. Journal of Developmental Education, 25(1), 40-41.

Ellis, N. C., & Robinson, P. (2008). Handbook of cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition. New York: Routledge.

Facione, A. P. (2006). Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts. California: California Academic Press.

Fahim, M., & Sa’eepour, M. (2011). The impact of teaching critical thinking skills on reading comprehension of Iranian EFL learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(4), 867-874.

Facione, A. P. (2015). Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts. Retrieved December 25, 2015 from http://www.student.uwa.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/1922502/Critical-Thinking-What-it-is-and-why-it-counts.pdf.

Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Grellet, F. (1981). Developing reading skills: A practical guide to reading comprehension exercises. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Halpern, D. F. (1999). Teaching for critical thinking: Helping college students develop the skills and dispositions of a critical thinker. Retrieved February 28, 2016 from http://precisionmi.com/materials/collegemat/criticalthinking-halpern.pdf

Hirsch, E. D. J. (2003). Reading comprehension requires knowledge of words and the world. American Educators, 27(1), 10-13.

Jie, Z., Yuhong, J., & Yuan, Y. (2015). The investigation on critical thinking ability in EFL reading class. English Language Teaching, 8(1), 1-12.

Kamali, Z., & Fahim M. (2011). The relationship between critical thinking ability of Iranian EFL learners and their resilience level facing unfamiliar vocabulary items in reading. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(1), 104-111.

Lauer, T. (2005). Teaching critical thinking skills using course content material. Journal of College Science Teaching, 34(6), 34-44.

Mark, S. (2004). Conceptual foundation of teaching reading. New York: The Guildford Press.

McIntyre, E., Hulan, N., & Layne, V. (2011). Reading instruction for diverse classrooms. New York: The Guilford Press.

McNamara, D. S. (2007). Reading comprehension strategies: Theories, interventions and technologies. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Fransisco: Jossey Bass.

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Neil, J. D. (1992). Reading comprehension: New direction for classroom practice. New York: Harper Collins Publisher.

Palincsar, A. S. (2003). Collaborative approaches to comprehension instruction: Rethinking Reading Comprehension. New York: Guilford Press

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Paul, R. W. (1985). Bloom’s taxonomy and critical thinking intervention. Educational Leadership, 42(8), 36-39.

Pressley, M. (2006). Reading instruction that works: The case for balanced teaching. New York: Guilford Press.

Putri, O. (2014). Investigating junior high school students’ critical thinking in reading. (Unpublished Thesis). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

Schultz, R. A. (1982). Literature and readability: Bridging the gap in foreign language. Modern Language Journal, 20(4), 43-53.

Sudjana, N. (1992). Metode statistika. Bandung: Tarsito.

Syatriana. E. (2016). Developing the students’ reading comprehension through cognitive reading strategies of the first year students of sman 14 makassar. (Unpublished Thesis). Retrieved February 18, 2016 from http://www.niu.edu/international/_images/Eny%20Syatriana.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jt.v24i3.298

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Al-Ta lim Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Stats


Al-Ta’lim Journal published by Faculty of Islamic Education and Teacher Training UIN Imam Bonjol Padang



Copyright © Al-Ta'lim Online Journal, Print ISSN 1410-7546 Online ISSN 2355-7893, All rights reserved


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.