Enhancing Elementary School Students’ Learning Outcomes in the Field of Social Sciences Studies through Problem Based Learning Method

Sita Ratna Ningsih, Mohamad Syarif Sumantri, Nurjanah Nurjanah, Erry Utomo

Abstract


The learning outcomes of the Social Sciences study at the Elementary School level in Indonesia in general have not shown maximum results, this is because the social studies field includes subjects that are less attractive to students. This study aims to determine the effect of Problem Based Learning learning method and Conventional learning method as well as the ability to think logically towards learning outcomes in Social Sciences. This research was conducted on class VI students of the State Ibtidaiyah Madrasah in Ciputat, with a total of 60 students. This study uses treatment by level 2 x 2. The data analysis technique is the analysis of two-way variance (ANAVA). The results of the study showed that: (1) Student learning outcomes in social studies subjects taught using PBL learning method were higher than students taught using conventional method, (2) for students who have high logical thinking skills, the learning outcomes of students taught using the Problem Based Learning method are higher than those taught using conventional method, (3) for students who have low logical thinking skills, student learning outcomes are taught using the PBL method lower than students taught using conventional method.(4) there was an interaction effect between PBL learning method and logical thinking skills.

Keywords

Problem based learning method logical thinking ability; social studies learning outcomes

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jt.v26i2.572 Abstract view : 196 times PDF : 10 times

Full Text:

PDF

References

Akınoğlu, O., & Tandoğan, R. Ö. (2007). The Effects of Problem-Based Active Learning in Science Education on Students’ Academic Achievement, Attitude and Concept Learning. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 3(1), 71–81. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/75375

Altaf, F., Abraham, J., & Aziz, T. (2014). A Study in Teaching of Science: Conventional Pedagogies at Secondary Stage. International Journal of Research (IJR) Vol-1, Issue-4, ISSN 2348-6848, 1, 494–501.

Arends, R. I. (2008). Belajar untuk mengajar. (Terjemahan Helly Prajitno Soetjipto & Sri Mulyantini Soetjipto). New York: McGraw Hills.

Ashman, A., & Gillies, R. (2003). Cooperative learning: The social and intellectual outcomes of learning in groups. Routledge.

Aziz, M. S., Zain, A. N. M., Samsudin, M. A. B., & Saleh, S. B. (2014). The Effects of Problem-Based Learning on Self-Directed Learning Skills among Physics Undergraduates. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 3(1), 126–137.

Bashith, A., & Amin, S. (2017). The Effect of Problem Based Learning on EFL Students’ Critical Thinking Skill and Learning Outcome. Al-Ta’Lim Journal, 24(2), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.15548/jt.v0i0.271

Chandler, P., & McKnight, D. (2009). The Failure of Social Education in the United States: A Critique of Teaching the National Story from" White" Colourblind Eyes. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies (JCEPS), 7(2).

de Grave, W. S., Schmidt, H. G., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2001). Effects of problem-based discussion on studying a subsequent text: A randomized trial among first year medical students. Instructional Science, 29(1), 33–44. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026571615672

Didem, I., & et.all. (n.d.). The effects of using problem-based learning in science and technology teaching upon students’ academic achievement and levels of structuring concept. Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching Journal, 11(2), 1–15.

Drake, K. N., & Long, D. (2009). Rebecca’s in the Dark: A Comparative Study of Problem-Based Learning and Direct Instruction/Experiential Learning in Two 4th-Grade Classrooms. Journal of Elementary Science Education, 21(1), 1–16.

Dyah Permatasari, B., Gunarhadi, G., & Riyadi, R. (2019). The influence of problem based learning towards social science learning outcomes viewed from learning interest. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 8(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v8i1.15594

Egen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2012). Strategi dan Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Indeks.

Enarson, C., & Cariaga-Lo, L. (2001). Influence of curriculum type on student performance in the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 and Step 2 exams: Problem-based learning vs. lecture-based curriculum. Medical Education, 35, 1050–1055. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.2001.01058.x

Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (1990). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2011). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages.

Heafner, T. (2004). Using technology to motivate students to learn social studies. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 4(1), 42–53.

Hmelo-Silver, C. E. (2004). Problem-Based Learning: What and How Do Students Learn? Educational Psychology Review, 16(3), 235–266. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:EDPR.0000034022.16470.f3

Indrilla, N., & Ciptaningrum, D. S. (2018). An approach in teaching writing skills: does it offer a new insight in enhancing students’ writing ability. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 21(2), 124–133.

Kokotsaki, D., Menzies, V., & Wiggins, A. (2016). Project-based learning: A review of the literature. Improving Schools, 19(3), 267–277. https://doi.org/10.1177/1365480216659733

Koray, Ö. C., & Koray, A. (2013). The Effectiveness of Problem-based Learning Supported with Computer Simulations on Reasoning Ability☆. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.315

Kumashiro, K. K. (2015). Against common sense: Teaching and learning toward social justice. Routledge.

Li, Y. W. (2016). Transforming Conventional Teaching Classroom to Learner-Centred Teaching Classroom Using Multimedia-Mediated Learning Module. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJIET.2016.V6.667

Lohman, M. C., & Finkelstein, M. (2000). Designing groups in problem-based learning to promote problem-solving skill and self-directedness. Instructional Science, 28(4), 291–307. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1003927228005

Macdonald, R. (2005). Assessment Strategies For Enquiry and Problem-Based Learning. Handbook of Enquiry & Problem Based Learning. Sheffield Hallam University.

Nayank, R. (2018). Development of Problem Based Learning Model Learner Worksheet To Improve Critical Thinking Ability. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME), 8(1), 65–72.

Oja, K. J. (2011). Using Problem-Based Learning in the Clinical Setting to Improve Nursing Students’ Critical Thinking: An Evidence Review. Journal of Nursing Education, 50(3), 145–151. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20101230-10

Parker, W. (2012). Social studies in elementary education (14th ed). Boston: Pearson.

Sanson-Fisher, R. W., & Lynagh, M. C. (2005). Problem-based learning: A dissemination success story? The Medical Journal of Australia, 183(5), 258–260. https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.2005.tb07032.x

Sari, N. (2018). The implementation of project based learning to improve students responsibility in social studies learning. International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies, 3(2), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijposs.v3i2.14468

Savery, J. R. (2006). Overview of Problem-Based Learning: Definitions and Distinctions. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1(1), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1002

Siew, N. M., Mapeala, R., Mapeala, R., & Mapeala, R. (2016). The effects of problem-based learning with thinking maps on fifth graders’ science critical thinking. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 15(5), Continuous.

Soemantri, N. (2001). Menggagas Pembaharuan Pendidikan IPS. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Strobel, J., & van Barneveld, A. (2009). When Is PBL More Effective? A Meta-Synthesis of Meta-Analyses Comparing PBL to Conventional Classrooms. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 3(1), 44–58. https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1046

Sumantri, M. S., & Supendi, . (2014). The influence of learning strategy resolution based toward environmental health learning result observed by students’ concept. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2014.914

Sumitro, A., Setyosari, P., & Sumarmi, S. (2017). Penerapan model problem based learning meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar IPS. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 2(9), 1188–1195. https://doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i9.9936

Thornton, S. J. (2005). Teaching social studies that matters: Curriculum for active learning. Teachers College Press.

Vogel, S., Herron, C., Cole, S. P., & York, H. (2011). Effectiveness of a Guided Inductive Versus a Deductive Approach on the Learning of Grammar in the Intermediate-Level College French Classroom. Foreign Language Annals, 44(2), 353–380. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.2011.01133.x

Woolfolk, A. (2016). Educational Psychology: Developing Learners with MyLab Education with Enhanced Pearson eText, Loose-Leaf Version—Access Card Package (9th Edition). New York: Pearson College Div.

Wright-Maley, C. (2015). On “stepping back and letting go”: The role of control in the success or failure of social studies simulations. Theory & Research in Social Education, 43(2), 206–243.

Wynn, C. T., Mosholder, R. S., & Larsen, C. A. (2014). Measuring the Effects of Problem-Based Learning on the Development of Postformal Thinking Skills and Engagement of First-Year Learning Community Students. Learning Communities: Research & Practice, 2(2). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1112494

Zins, J. E., Bloodworth, M. R., Weissberg, R. P., & Walberg, H. J. (2007). The scientific base linking social and emotional learning to school success. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 17(2–3), 191–210.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Ta lim Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Stats
Al-Ta’lim Journal published by Faculty of Islamic Education and Teacher Training UIN Imam Bonjol Padang

Copyright © Al-Ta'lim Online Journal, Print ISSN 1410-7546 Online ISSN 2355-7893, All rights reserved


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.