The Structure and Function of Oral Poetry Meurukon

Mohammad Harun, Zulfadli Z Aziz, Azrul Rizki, Saifuddin Mahmud, Burhansyah Burhansyah

Abstract


This study aims to describe the structure and function of the oral poetry meurukon. This research uses a qualitative approach with the ethnographic research type. The source of research data is the text meurukon edited by Rahman (2010), Harun (2012), text and recording of meurukon at the 7th Aceh Culture Event (Huda, 2018). The research data are all sequences relating to the structure and function of meurukon. Data is collected by using the techniques of listening, recording, and reading. The research instrument consisted of handycam, stationery, and the researchers themselves. Data analysis was conducted through the stages: (1) carefully and critically reading meurukon text, (2) sorting data into meurukon structure and function, (3) analyzing data comprehensively, (4) verifying research results, and (5) concluding research results. The results of the study indicate that (1) the meurukon structure includes the opening part consisting of (a) opening greetings and (b) mukaddimah‘preface’; the content section consisting of discussions on religious issues, especially about (a) bismillah, (b) problems with prayer, (c) water problems, and (d) problems of faith (aqeedah); the closing concerning apology and farewell; and (2) the meurukon functions are (a) as a means of religious learning, (b) as a means of entertainment, and (c) as an interactive-dialogical learning model.


Keywords


meurukon, structure, function, Acehnese oral poetry

10.15548/jt.v1i2.603 Abstract view : 92 times

References


Andriani, R. (2018). Nilai Pendidikan Karakter dalam Lirik Dodaidi di Aceh Jaya [The Values of Character Education in Lullaby Lyrics in Aceh Jaya] (Unplubished Thesis). Graduate Program FKIP Unsyiah.

Anwar, H. (2016). The Social Cultural Context and the Function of Dodaidi ‘Aceh Lullaby’. Proceedings ARICIS. I (1) 453—463.

As, N.B. (2016). Warisan Kesenian Aceh [The Heritage of Acehnese Arts]. Banda Aceh: Aceh Multivision.

Bakar, A., Sulaiman B, Hanafiah M.A., Ibrahim Z.A., Hanoum S. (1985). Kamus Aceh Indonesia[Acehnese-Indonesian Dictionary]. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Depdikbud.

Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: SAGE Publications.

Finnegan, R. (1992).Oral Poetry. In Bauman, R. (Ed.). Folklore, Cultural Performances, and Popular Entertainments. Page 119—127. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Harun, M. (2012). Pengantar Sastra Aceh [Introduction to Acehnese Literature]. Bandung: Citapustaka Media Perintis.

Huda, N. (2018). Profil Group Meurukon Gampong Pulo Bungong Kecamatan Batee Kabupaten Pidie [The Profile of Meurukon Group Pulo Bungong Village, Batee Subdistrict, Pidie District]. Sigli: Group Meurukon Nuril Huda.

Herndon, M. (1992). Song. In Bauman, R. (Ed.). Folklore, Cultural Performances, and Popular Entertainments. Page 159—166. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Indaty, N. (2018). Analisis Struktur Lahir dan Fungsi Puisi Lisan pada Tradisi Manoe Pucok [An Analysis of Structure and Function of Oral Poems in Manoe Pucok Tradition] (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). Indonesian Education Department, FKIP Unsyiah.

Mirza, F & Aksa, M.S. (2010). Seni tradisi lisan Aceh sebagai media pendidikan rakyat [Acehnese oral traditional arts as an educational media]. Variasi, 2, Special Edition, Desember. Page 43—49.

Pudentia MPSS. (2008). Metodologi Kajian Tradisi Lisan [Analytical Methods of Oral Tradition]. Jakarta: Asosiasi Tradisi Lisan.

Rahman, A. (2010). Himponan Meurukon [The Collections of Meurukon]. Nisam: No publication.

Ratna, N.K. (2003). Paradigma Sosiologi Sastra [The Paradigm of Literature Sociology]. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Silverman, D. (1993). Interpreting Qualitative Data Methods for Analysing Talk, Text, and Interaction. London: SAGE Publications.

Stanfield, J.H.II. (1994). Ethnic Modeling in Qualitative Research. In Zendin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S (Eds.). Handbook of Qualitative Research. Page 175—188. California: SAGE Publications.

Wahyudi. (2018). Tradisi Meurukon dalam Masyarakat Krueng Barona Jaya Aceh Besar (Studi Kasus Gampong Lamgapang) [Meurukon Tradition in Krueng Barona Jaya Community in Greater Aceh (A Case Study in Lamgapang Village] (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). UIN Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh.

Warahmah, M. (2018). Revitalisasi Tradisi Meurukon sebagai Kebudayaan Lokal dalam Pembelajaran Aqidah di Kecamatan Muara Batu, Kabupaten Aceh Utara [Revitalizing of Meurukon Tradition as a Local Culture in Teaching Aqeedah in Muara Batu Subdistrict, North Aceh District. (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). UIN Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh.

Wellek, R & Warren, A. (2016). Teori Kesusastraan [Theories of Literature]. Translated by Melanie Budianta. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/jt.v1i2.603

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Ta lim Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Stats
Al-Ta’lim Journal published by Faculty of Islamic Education and Teacher Training UIN Imam Bonjol Padang

Copyright © Al-Ta'lim Online Journal, Print ISSN 1410-7546 Online ISSN 2355-7893, All rights reserved


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.