Teachers’ Code Mixing and Code Switching: Insights on Language Barriers in EFL Classroom

Rafqi Awlia Siddiq, Martin Kustati, Luli Sari Yustina

Abstract


This study aims to investigate code mixing and code switching used by English teachers in EFL classrooms. There are two major focuses in this study; the type of dominant code mixing and code switching used by the teachers. This is a qualitative study where the data are teachers’ language classroom gained by observing his/her classroom practices in the class and utterances obtained through an in-depth interview. The result shows that there are three kinds of code mixing found in teachers’ and students’ utterances in EFL classroom. They are intra-sentential code mixing, intra-lexical code mixing, and pronunciation shifting. The study also found that there were four kinds of code switching found in teachers’and students’ utterances. They are random mixing, English-Indonesian translation or vice versa, English precedes Indonesian or vice versa, and English sentences precede Indonesian sentences or vice versa. It indicated that code mixing and code switching cannot be separated in English language teaching and learning process. This study has proved that the English teacher used code mixing and code switching in teaching speaking in some types.


Keywords


Code-mixing; code-switching;EFL classroom

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/jt.v1i2.606

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